The internet is full of people trying to take photos of wild animals from a close range, and there is a common misconception that wild animals are harmless creatures and want to be your friends.
The reality is entirely different, and these wild animals will attack and kill you in an instant if given the opportunity. They exist solely on instinct and survival mode, and they couldn’t care less about your selfies and your opinions regarding them.
Anyone entering a wilderness environment must understand that wild animals are dangerous, and getting too close to them will cost people their lives.
I remember a while back a news story about a tourist who jumped into a polar pen to prove that such bears are friendly creatures and that you could swim with them without worries. That experiment proved to have a lethal outcome. Other wildlife enthusiasts tried to prove that grizzly bears are not dangerous, and getting too close to the bears also had a deadly consequence.
Admiring wildlife should be done with caution, and everyone should understand that the beauty and majesty of wild animals come together with the dangers they represent. In our country, we have many wild, dangerous animals, and only by understanding the threat they present can we avoid problems altogether.
There are significant bear populations in many parts across the US, and regardless of whether you encounter a black bear or the fierce grizzly, they should all be treated as dangerous animals. The size of a bear can range from 150 pounds to almost 800 pounds, and these animals are perfectly equipped for hunting and defense. Contrary to popular beliefs, bears are not only scavengers and foragers, and their strong jaws full of teeth and their sharp claws make them powerful predators.
Bears inhabit the most heavily wooded areas in the northern part of our country, and if you find yourself in such places, you better learn how to look for their presence. Try to spot the following signs:
- Scat: Animal waste is one of the signs that will let you know that the animal was close. It is similar in appearance to other meat-eaters, but it can also have traces of grass and fibers.
- Tracks: Bear tracks are easily recognizable and are hard to miss due to the heavy impression of the ball of the foot. You will see the impression accompanied by five toes and claw prints.
- Carcasses: In areas inhabited by bears, sometimes you will spot many crows or vultures circling an area. This is a clear sign that there may be a carcass nearby, and you should leave the site immediately since an animal may be feeding.
- Territory markings: Trees with claw marks are clear signs that you’ve entered a bear’s territory. Leave the area immediately and pay attention to your surroundings.
Dangerous big cats
The giant cat of North America is the mountain lion (also known as the puma or cougar), and it was once found in all 48 continental states. Nowadays, mountain lions are mainly found in the Midwest and the western states. The mountain lion can weigh up to 200 pounds and can be almost 8 feet long, making them one of the apex predators in North America. Look for signs of big cats to avoid a dangerous confrontation.
- Scat: Cougar droppings are similar to those of your everyday house cat, but they are larger.
- Tracks: The tracks of mountain lions are often confused with dog tracks and vice versa. To differentiate between tracks, you will need to spot the three distinct lobes on the bottom of the pad for mountain lions. You will see four toe prints with no claws or nail impressions.
- Sounds: Although they are stealthy animals, mountain lions do have some vocal sounds. For example, their growl resembles that of an overgrown cat. Also, they are known to make sounds like chirping, and some even suggest they may often sound like a person whistling.
- Attack signs: A mountain lion will drag its kill into the high brush or secluded areas to feed. Sometimes you can spot the animal attack signs it leaves.
The wolf is one of the oldest sources of myths and tales in human history, and it’s seen as the woodland owner. This large and resourceful predator has gained its rightful place in the human psyche, and just hearing a wolf howl awakens in us a dormant fear. Folks often believe wolves are nothing more than oversized dogs, but the male wolf can weigh close to 100 pounds and has over 400 pounds of bite force. A wolf bite can easily break a bone and leave you with severe injuries if you manage to fend off the attack compared to your average dog. Look for the following signs to avoid an unpleasant encounter:
- Scat: The scat of wolves is similar to that of domestic dogs, but there will be signs of hair and bones present from their prey.
- Tracks: Similar to the paths of large dogs, wolf tracks will be almost in a straight line with very little side-to-side printing.
- Kill sites: Some people stumble upon kill sites by accident, although it is relatively easy to notice the sign of a kill site. A kill site will have many wolf tracks and various trails going in and out of that site.
Dangerous big game
Some people are skeptical about being attacked by a deer, elk, or a moose sine these are rare cases. However, this doesn’t mean the danger is not accurate, and any of the animals mentioned above will attack you if they feel threatened or cornered with no way of escaping.
- Scat: The scat of the big game will be fibrous and pellet-like. It may vary in size and amount depending on the size and type of the animal.
- Tracks: The size of the tracks you manage to spot will depend on the animal, and in general, they are hoofed with pretty sharp edges.
- Sounds: Such animals are often quiet, but the elk will often hear its mating call.
If you want to decrease your chance of a wild animal encounter, make sure you keep your food in check.
Keep your campsite clean of all trash and uneaten food. Cooking meat will attract dangerous predators, but even fragrant liquids will draw large animals such as bears.
All your food should be secured in sealed containers, and it should be hung above ground away from your tent. The same goes for the pet food and the trash you haven’t managed to dispose of properly.
Avoid keeping any food in your tent and never sleep in the clothes you used when cooking your food.
Fighting for your life
No matter how big and strong, a human will be no match for an attacking wild animal. It would help if you had a backup solution in case you encounter an unfriendly wild animal.
- Firepower needed: Those that love backcountry hiking are often carrying a defensive firearm. If you are serious about your protective measure, you should consider bringing a revolver. However, what you carry depends on where you are planning to go. As a general rule, a revolver chambered in .44 mag and above should be a suitable choice. And if you are forced to use your firearm of choice, fire a few consecutive rounds at the animal and escape as soon as possible.
- Using a knife: Every outdoor enthusiast has a knife, and this tool is part of any backpacking expedition. With a little bit of knowledge and luck on your side, you can turn this knife into an effective weapon. In general, a fixed blade knife is recommended since it can be deployed quickly and has a much larger blade compared to a foldable knife. If you end up having to use your knife, the main thing to keep in mind is that you have to stab the animal and not slash it. Slashing will not discourage the animal from breaking its attack. Also, remember to go for the neck and torso and administer as many stabs as you can. Hopefully, a successful, repeated attack will drive the animal off.
- Using a defensive spray: Powerful OC (Oleoresin capsicum) or prepper spray can be an effective defensive measure if you manage to point the canister at the animal’s face and deliver a full blast. When using pepper spray, be cautious of wind direction because your spray can be just as effective against you. If you plan to go with this option, I recommend picking the UDAP bear spray because it has an excellent range and spray duration. I know a lot of rangers and outdoor enthusiasts that carry one (myself included).
- Using improvised weapons: If you got to this point, you might as well use what you have available to fight for your life. Using a tree branch or even your empty hands can be a successful tactic if you manage to strike the bridge of the animal’s snout. Also, target the animal’s eyes using rocks, dirt, and sticks. The problem with improvised weapons is that such means of defense will not overpower the animal and are employed to make the animal lose interest in you. If you succeed in doing so, leave the area as soon as possible.
Be on the lookout
While I can agree that wild animals are beautiful and majestic, I cannot understand how people give in to that curiosity feeling that nudges them to get a little closer to the animal for that Instagram photo or get a better look.
If you try to get closer, the wild animal may very well perceive you as a treat, and it will act accordingly. In a best-case scenario, the animal may run away, but in the worst case, you may very well end up fighting for your life. If you like to enjoy the great outdoors, get educated on the dangers of wild animals and be on the lookout for them when hiking or camping.